Contraception is any process used to prevent pregnancy. Contraceptives may be used only at the time of intercourse (e.g., condoms, diaphragms, spermicides) or regularly (e.g., birth control pills, intrauterine devices [IUDs]). Surgical methods are available for men (vasectomy) and women (tubal ligation) and can sometimes be reversed (e.g., tubal reversal).



What are my contraceptive choices?

Contraceptive method Effectiveness
   The Pill Almost 100%
   Female Sterilisation Almost 100%
   Contraceptive Injections Almost 100%
   IUS (Mirena) 98 to 99%
   IUCD (Copper T, Multiload) 97 to 98%
   The mini-Pill Around 98%
   Male Condom 90 to 98%

What is Mirena?

MIRENA is a hormone-releasing system placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy for up to 5 years. MIRENA is T-shaped. It contains a hormone called levonorgestrel. Levonorgestrel is a progestin hormone often used in birth control pills. MIRENA releases the hormone into the uterus. Only small amounts of the hormone enter your blood.



What is Tubal Ligation?

Women who are looking for a permanent form of birth control may choose to have a tubal ligation, also known as getting your "tubes tied" or female sterilization.

A tubal ligation is a surgical procedure whereby a woman’s fallopian tubes are cut, clamped, blocked or tied to prevent her eggs from traveling down to her uterus.

How it is Done?

Tubal ligations are usually done nowadays through laparoscopic surgery.