What is Hysterectomy?
A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a woman's uterus (womb). The uterus is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. Sometimes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix are removed at the same time the uterus is removed.
Because hysterectomy has such long-term effects on a woman's health, longevity, and sexuality it is vital that women understand all possible consequences. You must understand when hysterectomy is elective and when it is necessary to save your life.
Non-elective reasons for hysterectomy:
Elective reasons for hysterectomy:
- Invasive cancer of the reproductive system including the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina
Severe infection (PID) that does not respond to treatment.
- Severe and uncontrollable uterine bleeding.
- Serious complications during childbirth such as a ruptured uterus.
- Uterine prolapse
- Fibroid Tumors
- Severe pelvic infections
- Some cases of hyperplasia
All of the above reasons for elective hysterectomy are based on your personal medical condition.
Types of Hysterectomy:
Total Abdominal Hysterectomy
This is the most common type of hysterectomy. During a total abdominal hysterectomy, the doctor removes the uterus, including the cervix. Cancer of the ovary(s) and uterus, endometriosis, and large uterine fibroids are treated with total abdominal hysterectomy.
Non Dissent Vaginal Hysterectomy
NDVH is removal of uterus by vaginal route without associated descent. It offers shorter hospitalization sppedy recovery.
In a vaginal hysterectomy, the uterus is removed through the vaginal route. Prior to surgery, the patient is given a spinal or a general anesthesia.
There is no visible scar in vaginal hysterectomy and healing is faster in comparison to abdominal hysterectomy.